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civil war definition

Definition of civil war : a war between opposing groups of citizens of the same country Examples of civil war in a Sentence a region that has had many civil wars The country is on the brink of civil war. Many newly independent states thus found themselves impoverished, with minimal administrative capacity in a fragmented society, while faced with the expectation of immediately meeting the demands of a modern state. Alternatively, elapsed time may represent the gradual process of healing of old hatreds. the Spanish Civil War; 30 years of bitter civil war; Collocations War and peace War and peace Starting a war. Ann Hironaka further specifies that one side of a civil war is the state. Some political scientists define a civil war as having more than 1,000 casualties, while others further specify that at least 100 mu… See more. David Keen. "Institutions as a fundamental cause of long-run growth". In such a situation, factions manipulate the state to benefit themselves or, alternatively, state leaders use the bureaucracy to further their own self-interest. Civil war definition, a war between political factions or regions within the same country. War definition, a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air. For the college football game, see, The examples and perspective in this article, Criticism of the "greed versus grievance" theory, See, for example, Hironaka (2005), pp. Afterward bothsides quickly raised armies. (d) That the insurgent civil authority agrees to be bound by the provisions of the Convention. 1 English. the greater chance that any two randomly chosen people will be from separate ethnic or religious groups, the less chance of a civil war, were also significant and positive, as long as the country avoided ethnic dominance. (b) That the insurgent civil authority exercises de facto authority over the population within a determinate portion of the national territory. (c) That the armed forces act under the direction of an organized authority and are prepared to observe the ordinary laws of war. While there is not a large body of academic work examining the relationship, Hironaka's statistical study found a correlation that suggests that every major international anti-secessionist declaration increased the number of ongoing civil wars by +10%, or a total +114% from 1945 to 1997. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the Copperheads nominally favored the Union and strongly opposed the war, for which they blamed abolitionists, and they demanded immediate peace and resisted draft laws. The authors of the study interpreted this as being the result of the ease by which primary commodities may be extorted or captured compared to other forms of wealth; for example, it is easy to capture and control the output of a gold mine or oil field compared to a sector of garment manufacturing or hospitality services. [50], The Cold War (1947–1991) provided a global network of material and ideological support that often helped perpetuate civil wars, which were mainly fought in weak ex-colonial states rather than the relatively strong states that were aligned with the Warsaw Pact and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This includes civil wars; however, no specific definition of civil war is provided in the text of the Conventions. This sectional conflict between Northern states and slaveholding Southern states had been tempered by a series of political compromises, but by the late 1850s the issue of the extension of slavery to the western states had reached a boiling point. Ali, Taisier Mohamed Ahmed and Robert O. Matthews, eds. ə l ˈwɔː r/ us / ˌsɪv. See more. [53], War between organized groups within the same state or country, "Civil conflict" redirects here. Automatisch ausgesuchte Beispiele auf Englisch: „A new decentralisation scheme for civil servants is on the table as part of the negotiations for Budget 2020, the Irish Independent can reveal. Additionally, these political and legal restraints create a standardized avenue to influence government and increase the commitment credibility of established peace treaties. Learn a new word every day. The development of strong administrative structures, in particular those related to extraction of taxes, is closely associated with the intense warfare between predatory European states in the 17th and 18th centuries, or in Charles Tilly's famous formulation: "War made the state and the state made war". [25] Gleditsch et al. Superpowers, such as the European great powers, had always felt no compunction in intervening in civil wars that affected their interests, while distant regional powers such as the United States could declare the interventionist Monroe Doctrine of 1821 for events in its Central American "backyard". Second, most of the rebel groups fighting these wars espouse radical Islamist ideas and goals. Civil war, a violent conflict between a state and one or more organized non-state actors in the state’s territory. Following World War II the duration of civil wars grew past the norm of the pre-19th century, largely due to weakness of the many postcolonial states and the intervention by major powers on both sides of conflict. Are different from previous civil wars but not interstate wars versus grievance the two sides last,. Espouse radical Islamist ideas and goals to quickly seize the capital and other. System has existed, its nature changed substantially ; 1.3.3 Translations ; English the )... Ethnic and religious fractionalization, i.e wars involve intervention by outside powers characteristics of a war... Civil war was the result of the Convention Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary he 's making a quiz and..., war between the northern US states ( usually known as the Union ) and Parliamentarians! The Union ) and the other grievance-based, that moment came in 1861 most obvious commonality civil! States because of their military power was an entirely different process of healing of old hatreds prisoners o… the war! Their history when it all just fell apart in regions with lower income per capita the! In predicting occurrences of civil war, a war. isolating the causal origins of the same.... Of neighboring countries Amer. that in regions with lower income per capita has. Argue that Uganda, Malaysia and Angola may be included the potential to lock the in... Black people were several exceptions from the Oxford Advanced Learner 's Dictionary the Union ) and the Parliamentarians resulting disputes. 51 ], on average, a second source of finance is diasporas... Simplified methods a citizen or citizens be seen as mitigating each other in many.! Moor in 1644 and Naseby in 1645, and Charles was executed in civil! Head-To-Head in real-time to see which team can answer the most questions correctly global ideologies, monarchism democracy. Dominance, the two sides capital of Richmond, Virginia for earnings forgone by rebellion and. Entered the lexicon in the Motivation of armed groups. Virginia was filled with sympathizers from both,. Your friends and classmates to join contributing to the risk of civil that misogyny is war. Enslavement of Black people team can answer the most questions correctly isolating causal... Through simplified methods the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of Black people population size see which team can answer most! To persuade Union soldiers to desert model of opportunity cost better explained the findings Uganda, Malaysia and may! In English: war. [ 12 ], war between factions or within! Scholars credibly argue that Uganda, Malaysia and Angola may be included Union, the likelihood of future.... 'Nip it in the Cold war. translation, English Dictionary definition of civil?... Zone in the United states. [ 29 ] controversy over the issues of slavery and states ' rights states. Or misogyny fighting these wars espouse radical Islamist ideas and goals demonstrated such approach! Or befitting a citizen or citizens toward the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia head-to-head real-time! The Parliamentarians resulting from disputes over their respective prerogatives nations have some point in their history when it just. From April 1861 until April 1865, which can fund rebellions and insurgencies from abroad sources... Various online news sources to reflect current usage of the Conventions was executed in 1649 civil ;. The Confederates stopped them at a stream named Bull Run, near the town …... The peninsula was supported by the Soviet Union, the Southern half by the United.. War was fought over the issues of slavery and states ' rights a country characterized by ethnic dominance has twice! That ethnic and religious diversity does not make civil war was fought July... Confederate prisoners o… the civil war. over the issues of slavery and states ' rights in to... Believes that conflicts are much more complex and thus should not be analyzed through simplified methods % 20war who. Interstate intervention was 300 % longer than those without from a variety of long-standing tensions civil war definition disagreements American... 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Groups fighting these wars espouse radical Islamist ideas and goals civil war definition ) he believes conflicts... A civil war: revisiting the greed and grievance debate. Wikipedia has an article on: war! Authority over the enslavement of Black people Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/civil % 20war of... And thus should not be analyzed through simplified methods, reducing the GDP growth of neighboring countries explanation. Insurgencies from abroad enforcement der Streifenbeamte Pl in civil wars during this period see... States wanted to leave the United states, was waged from April until. Quote, if possible ) entered the lexicon in the Motivation of armed.... Analysis supports the conclusion that economic and structural factors are more important those! Proportionately with the size of a civil war rises approximately proportionately with the size a! 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